With a view to providing interim relief to small and marginal tax payers and senior citizens the budget 2009-2010 has increased the personal income tax exemption limit by Rs 15,000 from Rs 2.25 lakh to Rs 2.40 lakh for senior citizens. Similarly it has aslo raised the exemption limit by Rs 10,000 from Rs 1.80 lakh to Rs 1.90 lakh for women tax payers and by Rs 10,000 from Rs 1.50 lakh to Rs 1.60 lakh for all other categories of individual taxpayers. Further, it has also increased the deduction under section 80-DD in respect of maintenance, including medical treatment, of a dependent who is a person with severe disability to Rs 1 lakh from the present limit of Rs 75,000.
In the past, surcharges on direct taxes have generally been levied to meet the revenue needs arising from natural calamities. The Government has set up the National Calamity Contingency Fund to build up resources to meet emergency situations. As a corollary, surcharge on direct taxes should be removed. However, this has to be balanced with the revenue needs of the Government. Therefore, the budget has phased out the surcharge on various direct taxes by eliminating the surcharge of 10 per cent on personal income tax.
There is no change in corporate taxation.
Deduction in respect of export profits is available under sections 10A and 10B of the Income-tax Act. The deduction under these sections would not be available beyond the financial year 2009-2010. In order to tide over the slowdown in exports, I propose to extend the sun-set clauses for these tax holidays by one more year i.e. for the financial year 2010-11. The budget has aslo abolished the Fringe Benefit Tax that wa sintroduced in the Finance Act, 2005 on the value of certain fringe benefits provided by employers to their employees.